ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Современные проблемы дистанционного зондирования Земли из космоса
физические основы, методы и технологии мониторинга окружающей среды, потенциально опасных явлений
и объектов

  

Современные проблемы дистанционного зондирования Земли из космоса. 2006. В.3. Т.1. С. 128-133

New Technologies in Monitoring and Emergency Mapping of Water Seepage and Dangerously High Groundwaters

A. Shutko 1, A. Haldin 1, V. Krapivin 1, V.P. Savorsky 1, Y.G. Tishchenko 1, R. Haarbrink2, G. Georgiev3, R. Kancheva3, H. Nikolov3, T. Coleman4, F. Archer4, P. Pampaloni5, S. Paloscia5, A. Krissilov6, A. Carmona7
1 Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics, RAS, 141190 Moscow region, Fryazino, Acad. Vvedenskogo Sq., 1
2 Miramap ESA/ESTEC
3 STIL BAS
4 HSCaRS AAMU
5 IFAC CNR
6 IMPEES NASU
7 UPC
Detailed and geo-referenced maps identifying the locations of saturated and dry levees can be produced using microwave
radiometric measurements from a light aircraft or helicopter, and integrated with GPS for positioning and orientation. The
development of synergetic remote sensing technology for raised groundwater and seepage detection by the joint use of
microwave and optical data along with GIS databases is an effective and most contemporary way of supporting risk assessment
and facilitating disaster prevention and management. In this paper we present a remote sensing microwave technology for
monitoring and detection of areas of water seepage through irrigation constructions, levees and dykes as well as for revealing
areas with dangerously high groundwater level. The possibility for emergency response mapping, integrated with GPS and GIS
data, facilitates the risk assessment and management services. The passive microwave radiometry (PMR) is based on spectral
measurements in the millimetre to decimetre range of wavelengths. Compared to other remote sensing techniques, such as
colour and infrared photography, thermal images and lidar, PMR is the only technology taking measurements under the earths
surface and therefore is very well suited for water seepage and underground water monitoring in a fast and reliable way.
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