ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2011, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 245-255

Correction of Southern Ocean and Antarctic Circumpolar Current Boundaries Based on Remote Sensing Data

S. A. Lebedev 1, S. N. Shauro 2
1 Geophysical Center, Russian Academy of Sciences Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 3, Molodezhnaya Str., Moscow, 119296, Russia 84/32, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russia
2 Geophysical Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, 3, Molodezhnaya Str., Moscow, 119296, Russia
The analysis of sea surface temperature temporal variability has correct to spatial position of Southern ocean northern boundary, and the analysis of sea level anomalies calculated to satellite altimetry has correct to spatial position of Antarctic Circumpolar Currents (ACC) boundaries. It is shown, that determination of ACC boundaries as isolines 112 cm and 30 cm (northern and southern accordingly) of mean dynamic topography.
Keywords: Southern Ocean, Antarctic Circumpolar Current, borders, sea surface temperature, sea level anomaly, satellite radiometry, satellite altimetry
Full text


  1. Gandin L.S., Ob"ektivnyi analiz meteorologicheskikh polei (An objective analysis of meteorological fields), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1963, 289 p.
  2. Gandin L.S., Kagan R.L., Statisticheskie metody interpretatsii meteorologicheskikh dannykh (Statistical methods of interpretation of meteorological data), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1976, 359 p.
  3. Klepikov V.V., Sarukhanyan E.I., Smirnov N.P., In: Geografiya Mirovogo okeana (The geography of the World ocean), Leningrad: Nauka, 1985, pp. 65-87.
  4. Kort V.G., Korotkevich E.S, Ledenev V.G., Inform. byull. SAE, 1964, No. 50, pp. 5-7.
  5. Kostianoy A.G., Ginzburg A.I., Lebedev Sergey A., Frankin'yul' M., Delil' B., Okeanologiya, 2003, Vol. 43, No. 5, pp. 632-642.
  6. Lavrova O.Yu., Kostianoy A.G., Lebedev Sergey A., Mityagina M.I., Ginzburg A.I., Sheremet N.A., Kompleksnyi sputnikovyi monitoring morei Rossii (Integrated satellite monitoring of the seas of Russia), Moscow: IKI RAN, 2011 (in print).
  7. Lebedev Sergey A., Prikladnye Aspekty Geologii, Geofiziki i Geoekologii s Ispol'zovaniem Sovremennykh Informatsionnykh Tekhnologii. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoi Nauchno-Prakticheskoi Konferentsii (Applied Aspects of Geology, Geophysics, Geoecology, Using Modern Information Technologies. Materials of International Scientific-Practical Conference), Maikop: IP Magarin O.G., 2011, pp. 130-145.
  8. Lebedev Sergey A., Kostianoy A.G., Sputnikovaya al'timetriya Kaspiiskogo morya (Satellite altimetry of the Caspian sea), Moscow: Izdatel'skii tsentr “MORE” Mezhdunarodnogo instituta okeana, 2005, 366 p.
  9. Sarukhanyan E.I., Struktura i izmenchivost' Antarkticheskogo tsirkumpolyarnogo techeniya (Structure and variability of the Antarctic circumpolar current), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1980, 117 p.
  10. Sarukhanyan E.I., Smirnov N.P., Vodnye massy i tsirkulyatsiya Yuzhnogo okeana (Water masses and circulation of the southern ocean), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1987, 287 p.
  11. Smirnov N.P., Sarukhanyan E.I., Rozanova I.V., Tsiklonicheskie tsentry deistviya atmosfery Yuzhnogo polushariya i izmeneniya klimata (The cyclonic centers of action in the atmosphere of the southern hemisphere and climate change), Saint-Petersburg: RGGMU, 2004, 209 p.
  12. Treshnikov A.F., Maksimov I.V., Gindysh B.V., Problemy Arktiki i Antarktiki, 1966, Issue 22, pp. 13-34.
  13. Bergamasco A., Carnie S., Sensitivity analysis of a robust diagnostic general circulation model of the Ross Sea, J. Mar. Sys., 2000, Vol. 27, No. 1-3, pp. 3-36, available at: doi: 10.1016/S0924-7963(00)00059-2.
  14. Deacon G.E.R., The Weddell Gyre, Deep-Sea Res., 1979, Vol. 26, No. 9A, pp. 981-995, available at: doi: 10.1016/0198-0149(79)90044-X.
  15. The GHRSST-PP International Project Office, The GHRSST-PP International Science Team (2004/05), In: The GHRSST-PP Product User Guide, United Kingdom, 2005, 86 p.
  16. Donlon, C., Robinson, I., Casey, K.S., Vazquez-Cuervo, J., Armstrong, E., Arino, O., Gentemann, C., May, D., LeBorgne, P., Piollé, J., Barton, I., Beggs, H., Poulter, D.J.S., Merchant, C. J., Bingham, A., Heinz, S., Harris, A., Wick, G., Emery, B., Minnett, P., Evans, R., Llewellyn-Jones, D., Mutlow, C., Reynolds, R.W., Kawamura, H., Rayner, N., The Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment High-resolution Sea Surface Temperature Pilot Project, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2007, Vol. 88, No. 8, pp. 1197-1213, available at: doi: 10.1175/BAMS-88-8-1197.
  17. Global Data Assimilation Experiment High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Data Sets-GHRSST. Version 1.0. D-32474, JPL, California Institute of Technology, 2005, 18 p.
  18. Gordon A.L., Molinelli E., Baker T., Large-scale relative dynamic topography of the Southern Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 1978, Vol. 83, No. C6, pp. 3023-3032, available at: doi: 10.1029/JC083iC06p03023.
  19. Grundlingh M.L., Tracking eddies in the southeast Atlantic and southwest Indian oceans with TOPEX/POSEIDON, J. Geophys. Res., 1995, Vol. 100, No. C12, pp. 249777-24986.
  20. Hernandez F., Schaeffer P., The CLS01 Mean Sea Surface: A validation with the GSFC00.1 surface. Tech. rep. CLS - Ramonville St Agne, 2001, 14 p.
  21. Kort V.G., Antarctic oceanography, Research in Geophysics, Vol. 2, Solid Earth and Interface Phenomena, Cambridge, Mass.: The M.I.T. Press, 1964, pp. 309-333.
  22. Kostianoy A.G., Ginzburg A.I., Lebedev Sergey A., Frankignoulle M., Delille B., Oceanic fronts in the southern Indian Ocean as inferred from the NOAA SST, TOPEX/Poseidon and ERS-2 altimetry data, Gayana, 2004, Vol. 68, No. 2, Part 2, pp. 333-339, available at: doi: 10.4067/S0717-65382004000300003.
  23. Le Traon P.Y., Dibarboure G., Ducet N., Use of a high resolution model to analyze the mapping capabilities of multiple altimeter missions, J. Atm. Ocean. Tech., 2001, Vol. 18, No. 7, pp. 1277-1288, available at: doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(2001)018<1277:UOAHRM>2.0.CO;2.
  24. Le Traon P.Y., Nadal F., Ducet N., An improved mapping method of multi-satellite altimeter data, J. Atm. Ocean. Tech., 1998, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 522-534, available at: doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(1998)015<0522:AIMMOM>2.0.CO;2.
  25. Lebedev S., Inertannual and Seasonal Variation of Axis Position and Intensity of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current by Satellite Altimetry, In: 15 Years of Progress in Radar Altimetry Symposium, Venice Lido, Italy, 13-18 March, 2006, ESA SP-614, 2006, 10 р.
  26. Morrow R., Ward M.L., Hogg A.M., S. Pasquet, Eddy response to Southern Ocean climate modes, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, Vol. 115, p. C10030, available at: doi: 10.1029/2009JC005894.
  27. Orsi A.H., Nowlin W.D., Whitworth Т., On the circulation and stratification of the Weddell Gyre, Deep-Sea Res., 1993, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 169-203, available at: doi: 10.1016/0967-0637(93)90060-G.
  28. Peterson R.G., White W.B., Slow oceanic teleconnections linking the Antarctic Circumpolar Wave with the tropical El Nino-Southern Oscillation, J. Geophys. Res., 1998, Vol. 103, No. C11, pp. 24573-24584, available at: doi: 10.1029/98JC01947.
  29. Ray R., A Global Ocean Tide model from TOPEX/Poseidon Altimetry GOT99.2. NASA Tech. Memo, 1999, NASA/TM-1999-209478, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA, 58 p.
  30. Rio M.-H., Hernandez F., A mean dynamic topography computed over the world ocean from altimetry, in-situ measurements and a geoid model, J. Geophys. Res., 2004, Vol. 109, No. C12, p. C12032, available at: doi:10.1029/2003JC00222.
  31. SSALTO/DUACS User Handbook. CLS. AI-NT-011-312-CN. CNES, Toulouse, 2001, 31 р.
  32. Thiébaux H.J., Pedder M.A., Spatial Objective Analysis: With Applications in Atmospheric Science, London-New York: Academic Press, 1987, 299 p.
  33. White W.B., Peterson R.G., An Antarctic Circumpolar Wave in surface pressure, Wind, temperature and sea-ice extent, Nature, 1996, Vol. 380, pp. 699-702, available at: doi: 10.1038/380699a0.