ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2011, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 23-36

Spectral remote sensing for mineral exploration. A review

A.A. Tronin , V.I. Gorny , S.G. Kritsuk , I.Sh. Latypov 
Institution of Russian Academy of Sciences Saint-Petersburg Scientific-Research Centre for Ecological Safety RAS, 197110, Saint-Petersburg, Korpusnaya st., 18
Spectral methods in remote sensing and geology became widespread nowadays. A lot of multispectral and hyperspectral devises were designed for airborne and satellite survey. Physical base of spectral methods application in geology is spectral signatures of minerals and other substances on the Earth surface. Spectral signatures of minerals, soils, anthropogenic objects are considered both visible-near infrared and thermal infrared range of electromagnetic spectrum. Analysis of mathematical methods of minerals-indicator separation discovers high potential of multispectral and hyperspectral for mineral exploration. The review of multispectral and hyperspectral applications in geology indicates the following directions of remote sensing methods development: lithological mapping, ore mineral exploration, hydrocarbon exploration, hydrothermal alteration mapping and some others.
Keywords: spectral methods, remote sensing, geology, mineral exploration
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