ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2010, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 350-353

Космическая тепловая съёмка Передового надвига Гималаев

A.A. Tronin 1, A.K. Saraf 2
1 Institution of Russian Academy of Sciences Saint-Petersburg Scientific-Research Centre for Ecological Safety RAS, 197110, Saint-Petersburg, Korpusnaya st, 18
2 Indian Institute of Technology, ROORKEE - 247667, INDIA
Himalayan Frontal Thrust is a first order structure on the border of Indian and Eurasian plates. Indian plate is subdacted
under Eurasian plate and generate collision zone. Previous satellite thermal researches in collision zone on
the border of Iranian and Eurasian plates (Kopetdag Frontal Thrust) indicates intensive thermal anomaly. The influence
of the region seismicity on thermal anomaly of Kopetdag Frontal Thrust was studied. Kopetdag thermal line
of hot water was considered as a source of thermal anomaly on satellite data. Satellite thermal survey also indicate
thermal anomaly above Himalayan Frontal Thrust. The relation of the thermal anomaly with the last strongest earthquake
- Sumatra event 26.12.2004 (M=9) was established. Sumatra earthquake 26 Dec 2004 was the strongest event
in resent decades. Himalayan Frontal Thrust has the temperature 2-4 К higher then surrounding areas. Himalayan
Frontal Thrust thermal line disappeared a few days before the shock, and recovered three days after the earthquake.
Keywords: Himalayan Frontal Thrust, satellite thermal survey, earthquake
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