ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2009, Issue 6, Vol. 2, pp. 73-81

Monitoring and some possibilities of the phenomenon the El-Nino prediction on the basis of global microwave radio thermal fields of the Earth

Н.М. Астафьева 
Институт космических исследований РАН, 117997 Москва, ул. Профсоюзная, 84/32
El-Nino events occur in near equator zone of Pacific ocean, however affect on transport and
dissipative properties of atmosphere, break a normal cycle of its circulation and often lead to catastrophic
consequences in enough remote regions. It is traced on distant communications both on territory and on
time (teleconnection process). Probably, El-Nino events are the reason of large-scale anomalies of all
climatic process. It is no wonder, that each El-Nino event is a subject of steadfast attention of
researchers. Catastrophic for human lives and for economy consequence of an El-Nino cause quite
natural desire to study this global phenomenon for it prediction. Search of laws in time dynamics and
scenarios El-Nino has shown, that periodicity and scenarios considerably vary in time. In the present
work the El-Nino displays in structure of a global radio thermal field of the Earth are investigate on the
frequencies containing the information on a troposphere moisture and water stock. Data of microwave
remote sensing of the Earth (global radio thermal fields from electronic collection IKI RAS, GLOBALField,, constructed on the basis of strip data SSM/I) are used. Possibilities of
the prediction of the development El-Nino events on the basis of microwave monitoring data are
discussed. The "moisture criterion" work out for the El-Nino event development's prediction.
Keywords: El-Nino, monitoring and predictions, troposphere moisture, remote sensing, radio thermal field of the Earth
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