ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2023, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 166-173

Assessing the dynamics of natural coastal complexes of Lake Bolshoye Topolnoye (Altai Krai) using a time series of multispectral data of different resolution

A.V. Golovin 1 , N.V. Stoyashcheva 1 , N.M. Kovalevskaya 1 
1 Institute for Water and Environmental Problems SB RAS, Barnaul, Russia
Accepted: 16.03.2023
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2023-20-2-166-173
The paper presents the assessment results of the dynamics of natural coastal complexes of Lake Bolshoe Topolnoe by remote sensing methods based on studying multi-temporal space images (Sentinel 2, Landsat-5, Landsat-7) of different resolution. Vegetation indices (NDVI, SAVI, MSAVI2, WAVI), parametric and non-parametric classifications were calculated in the Erdas Imagine program for the littoral part of Lake Bolshoe Topolnoe for the years 1990, 2000, 2010, and 2019. It has been found that the lake’s water area and its coast are prone to overgrowth by coastal and shrubby (narrow-leaved oleaster) vegetation over the course of several years. Such a situation can adversely affect natural systems distinguished by a rich resource potential for the tourism development. In 2000–2019, in small and large areas of the lake covered with coastal vegetation these indices increased from 0.4–0.6 to 0.7–0.8 and 0.7–0.8 to 0.8–1.0, respectively. According to the non-parametric classification by 20 classes, the overgrowth area increased from 1 to 2.3 km2. Shrub vegetation was common on the eastern, southeastern, and southern coasts of the lake. Here, the index values increased from 0.4–0.6 to 0.7–0.8 (2010–2019). The parametric classification showed the increase of the overgrowth area within 0 (2000) – 0.6 km2 (2019). Intensive overgrowth of the lake with coastal vegetation is associated with fluctuations in water level regime, shrub vegetation (i.e. narrow-leaved oleaster use in the field-protective forest belts of the steppe parts of the Region), decline in the lake exploitation for fishing purposes and livestock reduction in the Burlinsky region.
Keywords: Lake Bolshoe Topolnoe, Earth remote sensing, Sentinel 2, Landsat-5, Landsat-7, vegetation indices
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