ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2022, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 106-129

Characteristics of anthropogenic transformations of landscapes in the area of Bovanenkovo gas field based on Landsat satellite data

S.G. Kornienko 1 
1 Oil and Gas Research Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 11.04.2022
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2022-19-2-106-129
The results of the assessment of transformations of natural landscapes of the permafrost zone in the area of construction and operation of technical facilities of the Bovanenkovo oil-gas-condensate field on the Yamal Peninsula are presented. The study was conducted using 10 Landsat satellite images of summer surveys from 1988 to 2020 based on parameters characterizing the noon-time mean land surface temperature (LST), albedo (Alb), chlorophyll content (NDVI index), and moisture (NDWI index) of the ground cover. Analysis of long-term trends of mean values of LST parameters, Alb, NDVI, and NDWI to assess the influence of anthropogenic factors on the background of global and regional changes was conducted using the technique of relative radiometric normalization of the time series of multispectral space images. The coefficients of the equations for image transformation and normalization errors were determined based on the cross-validation method. The significance of the trends was assessed using the nonparametric Mann-Kendall test. The informativity of the LST, Alb, NDVI and NDWI parameters for characterizing landscape transformations was confirmed by assessing vegetation changes using the 2004 and 2016 ultra-high spatial resolution satellite images. Within the boundaries of the plot covering all facilities built by 2020, the trends are insignificant. In the local area of the longest technogenic load (on the southern arch of the field), there is a more evident (significant) LST growth and reduction of NDWI, indicating the dominance of surface drainage processes. Trends of Alb and NDVI are insignificant in this area, indicating no trends in vegetation cover changes associated with anthropogenic impact. It is noted that the observed increase in surface temperature against the background of the observed global climatic trend may be an additional factor in increase in the depth of the active layer and permafrost degradation. It is concluded that changes in LST, Alb, NDVI, and NDWI parameters characterizing transformations of natural landscapes are not recorded beyond the boundaries of industrial and infrastructure sites.
Keywords: anthropogenic impact, remote sensing, cryogenic landscape, radiometric normalization, cross-validation, surface temperature, albedo, NDVI, NDWI, transformations, tundra, Bovanenkovo gas field
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