ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2022, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 125-139

Features of the relationship between tropical cyclones and earthquakes

V.M. Kostin 1 , G.G. Belyaev 1 , O.Ya. Ovcharenko 1 , E.P. Trushkina 1 
1 Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation RAS, Troitsk, Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 28.01.2022
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2022-19-1-125-139
A close relationship has been shown between the occurrence of strong lithospheric earthquakes and the origin, development, and intensification of tropical cyclones (TCs) based on detailed measurements of ionospheric plasma parameters made by the Kosmos-1809 satellite, data from typhoon warning centers and data from ground-based seismic monitoring stations. Changes in the geography and depth of strong earthquakes during the passage of the TC of the New Caledonia Island were considered in detail using the Harry-89 TC as an example. Two trigger mechanisms for the impact of tropical cyclones on lithospheric earthquakes are proposed. It is shown that the acoustic impact of earthquakes and underground nuclear explosions in September 1992 on tropical disturbances caused the development of a chain of 11 TCs. Simplified physical models are considered to explain the mutual correlations between anomalous ionospheric parameters and powerful sources of influence on the atmosphere. Based on the results obtained, it is concluded that reliable and predictive monitoring of hazardous phenomena on Earth should combine space systems for remote sensing of the Earth, satellites that measure the parameters of the ionospheric plasma and solar wind, as ground-based systems that monitor implementation of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
Keywords: tropical cyclones, earthquakes, satellait Cosmos-1809, upper ionosphere
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