ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2022, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 143-157

Spatio-temporal analysis of burnt area in the Lower Volga floodplain

S.S. Shinkarenko 1 , S.А. Bartalev 1 , A.N. Berdengalieva 2, 3 , N.M. Ivanov 3 
1 Space Research Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
2 Federal Scientific Center of Agroecology, Complex Meliorations and Agroforestry RAS , Volgograd, Russia
3 Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russia
Accepted: 09.12.2021
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2022-19-1-143-157
The problem of wildfires is very urgent for the floodplain landscapes of the Lower Volga area. This area is of great value and includes a network of specially protected natural areas. Annual fires destroy the habitats of animals, lead to smoke coverage of settlements and to emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The territory under study with a total area of about 2.2 million hectares includes four hydrological and geomorphological regions: the northern and central (middle) parts of the Volga-Akhtuba floodplain, the Volga delta and the ilmen-mound area. For each of the above areas, the spatio-temporal regularities of fire rate were determined on the basis of the materials of expert interpretation of Landsat data. Over 45 thousand fire sites were identified during the period of 2001–2020. The share of the area covered by fire on the territory of floodplain landscapes during the study period was 58 %, about half of which burned three or more times. In the northern and central parts, a decrease in the number and area of fires was observed. In the delta area, on the contrary, their growth was noted. We have established the interdependence between the fire rate and the hydrological conditions of seasonal floods. The earlier the flood begins and later ends, the higher its level and the less the number of fires and burned-out areas. In the delta area this interdependence is stronger than in the northern and central parts of the Volga-Akhtuba floodplain. Trends in hydrological changes in recent decades have shown a decrease in flood levels and duration, while delta flooding is worsening due to a drop in the Caspian Sea level. Therefore, in the conditions of maintaining the current level of fire prevention, we can expect a further increase in the incidence of fire in floodplain landscapes.
Keywords: Lower Volga, wildfires, remote sensing, Landsat, arid ecosystems, floodplain
Full text


  1. Barmin A. N., Golub V. B., Instructive lesson of results of reed thickets operation in the Volga River delta, Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN, 2000, Vol. 2, No. 2, P. 295–299 (in Russian).
  2. Bartalev S. A., Egorov V. A., Efremov V. Yu., Loupian E. A., Stytsenko F. V., Flitman E. V. (2012a), Integrated burnt area assessment based on combine use of multi-resolution MODIS and Landsat-TM/ETM+ satellite data, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2012, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 9–27 (in Russian).
  3. Bartalev S. A., Ershov D. V., Loupian E. A., Tolpin V. A. (2012b), Possibilities of satellite service VEGA using for different tasks of land ecosystems monitoring, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2012, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 49–56 (in Russian).
  4. Berdengalieva A. N., Shinkarenko S. S., Non-Forest Fires in River Floodplains Identification, Nauchno-agronomicheskii zhurnal, 2020, No. 4, pp. 43–48 (in Russian), DOI: 10.34736/FNC.2020.
  5. Valendik E. N., Matveev P. M., Sofronov M. A., Krupnye lesnye pozhary (Large forest fires), Moscow: Nauka, 1979, 198 p. (in Russian).
  6. Dymova T. V., Main and related factors impact on the environment of the reed fires, Astrakhanskii vestnik ekologicheskogo obrazovaniya, 2019, No. 2, pp. 210–214 (in Russian).
  7. Zanozin V. V., Barmin A. N., Schyvaev N. S., Kolchin E. A., Hystory of natural zoning of The Volga River delta, Astrakhanskii vestnik ekologicheskogo obrazovaniya, 2019, No. 1(49), pp. 120–131 (in Russian).
  8. Ivanov N. M., Shinkarenko S. S., Zarbalieva N. O. K., The fire regime features of The Volga delta hilly landscapes, Nauchno-agronomicheskii zhurnal, 2020, No. 4, pp. 29–34 (in Russian), DOI: 10.34736/FNC.2020.
  9. Korotaev V. N., Geomorphology of the Volga River delta and changes of channel branches, Vestnik Moskovskogo Unviersiteta, Ser. 5: Geografiya, 2011, No. 2, pp. 103–109 (in Russian).
  10. Krivoshei V. A., Reka Volga (problemy i resheniya) (The Volga River: Problems and Solutions), Moscow: Zhurnal “RT”, 2015, 92 p. (in Russian).
  11. Loboiko V. F., Ovcharova A. Yu., Nikitina N. S., Features of the water regime of the Lower Volga and its impact on the condition of the north-western part of the Volga-Akhtuba floodplain, Izvestiya Nizhnevolzhskogo agrouniversitetskogo kompleksa: nauka i vysshee obrazovanie, 2018, No. 4(52), pp. 89–96 (in Russian), DOI: 10.32786/2071-9485-2018-04-11.
  12. Loupian E. A., Proshin A. A., Burtsev M. A., Balashov I. V., Bartalev S. A., Efremov V. Yu., Kashnitskiy A. V., Mazurov A. A., Matveev A. M., Sudneva O. A., Sychugov I. G., Tolpin V. A., Uvarov I. A., IKI center for collective use of satellite data archiving, processing and analysis systems aimed at solving the problems of environmental study and monitoring, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2015, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 263–284 (in Russian).
  13. Loupian E. A., Bartalev S. A., Balashov I. V., Egorov V. A., Ershov D. V., Kobets D.A, Senko K. S., Stytsenko F. V., Sychugov I. G., Satellite monitoring of forest fires in the 21st century in the territory of the Russian Federation (facts and figures based on active fires detection), Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2017, Vol. 14, No. 6, pp. 158–175 (in Russian), DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2017-14-6-158-175.
  14. Shinkarenko S. S., Assessment of steppe burning dynamics in Astrakhan Region, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2018, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 138–146 (in Russian), DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2018-15-1-138-146.
  15. Shinkarenko S. S., Fire regime of North Caspian landscapes according to the data of active burning centres, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2019, Vol. 16, No 1, pp. 121–133 (in Russian), DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2019-16-1-121-133.
  16. Shinkarenko S. S., Changes in spectral reflectance characteristics of the Northern Caspian zonal landscapes under pyrogenic influence, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2021, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 192–206 (in Russian), DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2021-18-3-192-206.
  17. Shinkarenko S. S., Berdengalieva A. N., Analysis of steppe fires long-term dynamics in Volgograd Region, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2019, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 98–110 (in Russian), DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2019-16-2-98-110.
  18. Shinkarenko S. S., Bartalev S. A., Berdengalieva A. N., Vypritskii A. A. (2021a), Dynamics of water bodies areas in the Western Ilmen Lake Region of the Volga Delta, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2021, Vol. 18, No 4, pp. 285–290 (in Russian), DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2021-18-4-285-290.
  19. Shinkarenko S. S., Doroshenko V. V., Berdengalieva A. N., Komarova I. A. (2021b), Dynamics of arid landscapes burning in Russia and adjacent territories based on active fire data, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2021, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 149–164 (in Russian), DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2021-18-1-149-164.
  20. Shinkarenko S. S., Ivanov N. M., Berdengalieva A. N. (2021c), Spatio-temporal dynamics of burnt areas in federal protected areas of South-East of the European Russia, Nature Conservation Research, 2021, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 23–44 (in Russian), DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2021.035.
  21. Chuvieco E., Pettinari M. L., Lizundia-Loiola J., Storm T., Padilla Parellada M., ESA Fire Climate Change Initiative (Fire_cci): MODIS Fire_cci Burned Area Pixel product, version 5.1, Centre for Environmental Data Analysis, 2018, DOI: 10.5285/58f00d8814064b79a0c49662ad3af537.
  22. Gao B., NDWI — A normalized difference water index for remote sensing of vegetation liquid water from space, Remote Sensing of Environment, 1996, Vol. 58, No. 3, pp. 257–266, DOI: 10.1016/S0034-4257(96)00067-3.
  23. Giglio L., Boschetti L., David P. R., Humber M. L., Justice C. O., The Collection 6 MODIS burned area mapping algorithm and product, Remote Sensing of Environment, 2018, Vol. 217, pp. 72–85, DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2018.08.005.
  24. Golub V. B., Chuvashov A. V., Bondareva V. V., Gerasimova K. A., Nikolaichuk L. F., Changes in the flora composition of the Volga – Akhtuba floodplain after regulation of the flow of Volga river, Arid Ecosystems, 2020, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 44–51, DOI: 10.1134/S2079096120010047.
  25. Kotel’nikov R. V., Loupian E. A., Bartalev S. A., Ershov D. V., Space Monitoring of Forest Fires: History of the Creation and Development of ISDM-Rosleskhoz, Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 2020, Vol. 13, No. 7, pp. 795–802, DOI: 10.1134/S1995425520070045.
  26. Kuzmina Zh. V., Treshkin S. E., Shinkarenko S. S., Effects of River Control and Climate Changes on the Dynamics of the Terrestrial Ecosystems of the Lower Volga Region, Arid Ecosystems, 2018, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 231–244, DOI: 10.1134/S2079096118040066.
  27. Pavleichik V. M., Chibilev A. A., Steppe fires in conditions the regime of reserve and under changing anthropogenic impacts, Geography and Natural Resources, 2018, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 212–221, DOI: 10.1134/S1875372818030046.
  28. Solodovnikov D. A., Shinkarenko S. S., Present-Day Hydrological and Hydrogeological Regularities in the Formation of River Floodplains in the Middle Don Basin, Water Resources, 2020, Vol. 47, No. 6, pp. 719–728, DOI: 10.1134/S0097807820060135.
  29. Vanderhoof M. K., Hawbaker T. J., Teske C., Ku A., Noble J., Picotte J., Mapping Wetland Burned Area from Sentinel-2 across the Southeastern United States and Its Contributions Relative to Landsat-8 (2016–2019), Fire, 2021, Vol. 4, No. 3, p. 52,