ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2021, Vol. 18, No. 5, pp. 28-43

Oil spill at the Caspian Pipeline Consortium marine terminal near Novorossiysk on August 7, 2021: Integrated analysis of satellite and meteo data

A.G. Kostianoy 1, 2 , O.Yu. Lavrova 3 , E.A. Loupian 3 
1 Shirshov Institute of Oceanology RAS, Moscow, Russia
2 Moscow Witte University, Moscow, Russia
3 Space Research Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 15.09.2021
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2021-18-5-28-43
The article presents the results of a comprehensive analysis of satellite radar and optical images of the water area of the northeastern part of the Black Sea where on August 7, 2021, oil was released when loading the Minerva Symphony tanker at the VPU-1 marine terminal of the Caspian Pipeline Consortium JSC (JSC “CPC-R”) in the area of the village Yuzhnaya Ozereevka near Novorossiysk. The analysis of the spread of oil pollution and hydrodynamics of water was carried out on the basis of four radar images obtained by SAR-C radars on the European Space Agency Sentinel 1A/B satellites and two optical images from the MODIS-Aqua and MSI-Sentinel 2A satellites. Estimates of the area and volume of oil pollution based on radar and optical images for August 7 and 8 are given. In the SAR image from August 7, obtained 98 minutes after the accident, the area of the sea surface contaminated with oil film was at least 0.21 km2, and on August 8, the area of the oil slick increased to 83 km2. The optical image of MODIS-Aqua dated August 8 made it possible to establish the shape and area of the oil slick in the interval between the two radar images, which made it possible to prove the continuity of the shape of oil pollution and confirm the role of a submesoscale cyclonic vortex in the spread of oil pollution over the sea. Meteorological data on wind speed and direction from various sources were used to estimate the speed and direction of oil pollution spreading from the source.
Keywords: Black Sea, oil pollution, Caspian Pipeline Consortium, satellite radar, optical images, submesoscale vortex, SAR Sentinel 1, MSI Sentinel 2, MODIS-Aqua
Full text


  1. Vozdushnoe nablyudenie morskikh razlivov nefti (Aerial observation of marine oil spills. Practical guidelines for emergency management and response personnel. International Association of Oil and Gas Producers), IPIECA IOGP, Report No. 518, Feb. 2015, 56 p. (in Russian).
  2. Gubernator Kubani: neftyanoe pyatno v Chernom more ne opasno dlya otdykhayushchikh (Governor of the Kuban: an oil spill in the Black Sea is not dangerous for vacationers),, 12 Aug. 2021 (in Russian), available at:
  3. Zykina T., V KTK prishli s obyskami posle razliva nefti u Novorossiiska (Came to CPC with searches after the oil spill near Novorossiysk),, 12 Aug. 2021 (in Russian), available at:
  4. Knyazev N. A., Lavrova O. Yu., Kostianoy A. G., Satellite radar monitoring of oil pollution in the water area of Anapa – Gelendzhik for the period 2018–2020, Okeanologicheskie issledovaniya, 2021, Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 163–185 (in Russian), DOI: 10.29006/1564-2291.JOR-2021.49(1).8.
  5. Kolganova V., Rosprirodnadzor potrebuet diskvalifikatsii glavy terminala, na kotorom proizoshel razliv nefti v Chernoe more (Rosprirodnadzor will require disqualification of the Head of the terminal where the oil spill into the Black Sea took place),, 9 Aug. 2021 (in Russian), available at:
  6. Kostianoy A. G., Lavrova O. Yu., Loupian E. A., Oil spill at the Caspian Pipeline Consortium marine terminal near Novorossiysk on August 7, 2021: first results of satellite observations, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2021, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 304–310 (in Russian), DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2021-18-4-304-310.
  7. Kuznetsov A. N., Fedorov Yu. A., Oil pollution of the coastal zone of the Black Sea in the area of Novorossiysk and the dynamics of its natural transformation, In: Sistema Chernogo morya (The Black Sea System), A. P. Lisitsyn (ed.), Moscow: Nauchny mir, 2018, pp. 705–716 (in Russian), DOI: 10.29006/978-5-91522-473-4.2018.705.
  8. Lavrova O. Yu., Mityagina M. I., Satellite monitoring of surface film pollution of the Black Sea), Issledovanie Zemli iz kosmosa, 2012, No. 3, pp. 48–65 (in Russian).
  9. Lavrova O. Yu., Kostianoy A. G., Lebedev S. A., Mityagina M. I., Ginzburg A. I., Sheremet N. A., Kompleksnyi sputnikovyi monitoring morei Rossii (Complex satellite monitoring of the Russian Seas), Moscow: IKI RAN, 2011, 470 p. (in Russian).
  10. Lavrova O. Yu., Mityagina M. I., Kostianoy A. G., Sputnikovye metody vyyavleniya i monitoringa zon ekologicheskogo riska morskikh akvatorii (Satellite methods for detecting and monitoring marine zones of ecological areas), Moscow: IKI RAN, 2016, 334 p. (in Russian).
  11. Lavrova O. Yu., Mityagina M. I., Uvarov I. A., Loupian E. A., Current capabilities and experience of using the See the Sea information system for studying and monitoring phenomena and processes on the sea surface, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2019, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 266–287 (in Russian), DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2019-16-3-266-287.
  12. Litovchenko K. Ts., Lavrova O. Yu., Mityagina M. I., Ivanov A. Yu., Yurenko Yu. I., Oil pollution of the eastern part of the Black Sea: space monitoring and subsatellite verification, Issledovanie Zemli iz kosmosa, 2007, No. 1, pp. 81–94 (in Russian).
  13. Loupian E. A., Proshin A. A., Burtsev M. A., Kashnitskii A. V., Balashov I. V., Bartalev S. A., Konstantinova A. M., Kobets D. A., Mazurov A. A., Marchenkov V. V., Matveev A. M., Radchenko M. V., Sychugov I. G., Tolpin V. A., Uvarov I. A., Experience of development and operation of the IKI-Monitoring center for collective use of systems for archiving, processing and analysis of satellite data, Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2019, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 151–170 (in Russian), DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2019-16-3-151-170.
  14. Marchukov A. Yu., Volkov A. A., VPU application in international oil projects. CPC experience, Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2013, No. 2(10), pp. 68–75 (in Russian).
  15. Metodika opredeleniya ushcherba okruzhayushchei prirodnoi srede pri avariyakh na magistral’nykh nefteprovodakh (Methodology for determining the damage to the environment in case of accidents at main non-oil pipelines), Mintopenergo RF, 1995 (in Russian), available at:
  16. Nemirovskaya I. A., Onegina V. D., Konovalov B. V., Trubkin I. P., Hydrocarbons in the waters and bottom sediments of the Black Sea, In: Sistema Chernogo morya (The Black Sea System), A. P. Lisitsyn (ed.), Moscow: Nauchny mir, 2018, pp. 677–705 (in Russian), DOI: 10.29006/978-5-91522-473-4.2018.677.
  17. Press-reliz ot 9 avgusta 2021 g. (Press release dated August 9, 2021),, 9 Aug. 2021 (in Russian), available at: URL:
  18. Kostianoy A. G., Lavrova O. Yu., Satellite instrumentation and technique for oil pollution monitoring of the seas, In: Instrumentation and Measurement Technologies for Water Cycle Management, A. Di Mauro, A. Scozzari, F. Soldovieri (eds.), Springer Nature, 2022. (In press.)
  19. Kostianoy A. G., Litovchenko K. Ts., Lavrova O. Yu., Mityagina M. I., Bocharova T. Yu., Lebedev S. A., Stanichny S. V., Soloviev D. M., Sirota A. M., Pichuzhkina O. E., Operational satellite monitoring of oil spill pollution in the southeastern Baltic Sea: 18 months experience, Environmental Research, Engineering and Management, 2006, No. 4(38), pp. 70–77.
  20. Krek E. V., Krek A. V., Kostianoy A. G., Chronic oil pollution from vessels and its role in background pollution in the Southeastern Baltic Sea, Remote Sensing, 2021, Vol. 13(21), Art. No. 4307,
  21. Lavrova O. Yu., Mityagina M. I., Kostianoy A. G., Strochkov M. A., Satellite Monitoring of the Black Sea Ecological Risk Areas, Ecologica Montenegrina, 2017, Vol. 14, pp. 1–13, available at:
  22. Mityagina M., Lavrova O., Satellite Survey of Inner Seas: Oil Pollution in the Black and Caspian Seas, Remote Sensing, 2016, Vol. 8, Art. No. 75, DOI: 10.3390/rs8100875.
  23. Oil pollution in the Baltic Sea. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Kostianoy A. G., Lavrova O. Yu. (eds.), Berlin; Heidelberg; New York: Springer-Verlag, 2014, Vol. 27, 268 p.
  24. Oil pollution in the North Sea, Carpenter A. (ed.), Cham: Springer, 2016, 312 p.,
  25. Oil Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea: Part I — The International Context (2018a), Carpenter A., Kostianoy A. G. (eds.), Cham: Springer, 2018, 350 p., DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-12236-2.
  26. Oil Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea: Part II — National Case Studies (2018a), Carpenter A., Kostianoy A. G. (eds.), Cham: Springer, 2018, 291 p., DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11138-0.