ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2021, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 216-227

Space monitoring bog landscape transformation under anthropogenic impact conditions

I.E. Kurbatova 1, 2 , T.V. Vereshchaka 1 , A.A. Ivanova 1 
1 Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography, Moscow, Russia
2 Water Problems Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 05.07.2021
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2021-18-4-216-227
The experience of studying the ecological state of the Ulomsky bog massif located in the Vologda Region is presented. The types of anthropogenic impacts and their consequences are identified. The research was carried out using a combination of cartographic and remote sensing methods. The cartographic method is used to identify, interpret and localize objects in space images, as well as to study the long-term dynamics (40 years) of terrain landscapes. Remote sensing methods provided the analysis of materials from the Landsat-5, -7, -8 multi-temporal space imagery (for 1989, 2000 and 2018) to study the condition and transformation of the main indicators of the territory — water bodies and vegetation according to the NDWI and NDVI indices. According to the images, the stability of the vegetation condition and the lake configurations on the territory of the reserve organized here in 1989 (for the entire period of its existence) was revealed due to the absence of anthropogenic influence. In contrast to the nature reserve on peatlands, several lakes have reduced their area by 3–12 times. A different degree of restoration of the vegetation cover during the recultivation of peat extraction was recorded, associated with the unequal power of the produced peat. The integration of cartographic and remote sensing methods made it possible to differentiate the unique bog massif according to the degree of its disturbance under the conditions of anthropogenic impacts of different intensities: high (peat extraction with reclaimed areas), moderate (residential, transport and agricultural areas), low (reclaimed areas), undisturbed territory (Otnensky reserve). The results of the study and its stages are presented in cartographic form.
Keywords: raised bog, lakes, vegetation, peat extraction lands, disturbed ecosystem, space monitoring, Landsat, NDVI, NDWI
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