ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2020, Vol. 17, No. 7, pp. 41-49

Testing the technology of deep space spacecraft autonomous navigation at the International Space Station

G.A. Avanesov 1 , B.S. Zhukov 1 , P.S. Smetanin 1 , M.V. Mikhailov 2 
1 Space Research Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
2 Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, Korolev, Russia
Accepted: 09.11.2020
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2020-17-7-41-49
The International Space Station (ISS) provides ideal conditions for testing new instruments, methods and technologies. The Planet experiment, which is being prepared by Space Research Institute RAS and Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, is intended to collect data and test the technology of autonomous spacecraft navigation based on measurements of directions to the stars, to the planet’s horizon and ground control points. The scientific instrumentation (SI) of the experiment includes a wide- and a narrow-angle cameras and a data preprocessing unit. The SI is to be delivered on board the Station using the Progress cargo spacecraft. The cosmonauts will mount the SI on the side of the ISS Service Module facing the Earth. The data received by the SI via Ethernet will be fed to a laptop located inside the Station, where it will be supplemented with information about the image acquisition time, ISS orientation and position in orbit. The experimental data will be processed on-ground.
Keywords: optical navigation, spacecraft, orbit, navigational measurements, horizon, state vector
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