ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2020, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 291-296

Dust storms in the south of the European part of Russia in September – October 2020

S.S. Shinkarenko 1, 2 , N.A. Tkachenko 2 , S.А. Bartalev 1 , V.G. Yuferev 2 , K.N. Kulik 2 
1 Space Research Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
2 Federal Scientific Center of Agroecology, Complex Meliorations and Agroforestry RAS , Volgograd, Russia
Accepted: 29.10.2020
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2020-17-5-291-296
The report presents the results of satellite monitoring of dust storms recorded in the southeast of the European part of Russia during the periods from September 26 to October 1 and from October 9 to October 11, 2020. The storms were caused by atmospheric and soil drought, excessive pasture loads, locust infestations and persistent east and southeast winds with a speed of more than 20 m/s. The dynamics of the dust plume over the period under consideration has been determined using the data of the average spatial resolution of MODIS, VIIRS and JPSS1. The largest dust storm area is observed in the middle of the day at maximum wind speeds. Data with a higher temporal resolution and a larger survey swath have a significant advantage during satellite monitoring due to the dynamism of dust storms and cloudiness. The satellite images of Landsat, Sentinel-2A and Meteor, received at 10–11 a.m. local time, recorded only the initial phases of a dust storm development. The maximum area covered by the storm was recorded by the MODIS Aqua radiometer on September 30 and October 1. Its length exceeded 700 km, and the area was equal to 11 million hectares.
Keywords: south of Russia, MODIS, VIIRS, dust storms, arid zone, deflation
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