ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2020, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 269-281

Ionospheric longitudinal variability in the Northern Hemisphere during magnetic storm from ionosonde and GPS/GLONASS data

M.A. Chernigovskaya 1 , B.G. Shpynev 1 , A.S. Yasyukevich 1 , D.S. Khabituev 1 
1 Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics SB RAS, Irkutsk, Russia
Accepted: 05.08.2020
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2020-17-4-269-281
Longitudinal-temporal variations of the parameters of the mid-latitude ionosphere over the Eurasian continent are analyzed using the ionosonde chain data recieved during the two strongest magnetic storms of the current 24th solar activity cycle — in March and June 2015. The recorded ionospheric effects exhibit pronounced longitudinal inhomogeneity associated with the presence of longitudinal features background structure and variations of the geomagnetic field. The features of longitudinal variations of ionization of the ionosphere during magnetic storms, established from vertical sounding data, are confirmed by the measurement data of the chains of GPS/GLONASS dual frequency phase receivers. According to the spatio-temporal distribution of the vertical total electronic content, the previously made assumptions about the formation of a zone of intense negative ionospheric disturbances over Canada during periods of magnetic storms are confirmed. These longitudinal ionization inhomogeneities are formed in the zone of enhanced penetration of geomagnetic field disturbances from high latitudes to middle ones at longitudes of ~45 and ~135° W and in the direction of the meridian of the geomagnetic pole near ~90° W.
Keywords: ionosonde chain, chain of GPS/GLONASS dual frequency phase receivers, ionospheric disturbances, geomagnetic field variations; geomagnetic storm
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