ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2020, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 135-144

Analysis of snow dump environmental hazard using the example of Tomsk

O.A. Pasko 1 , O.S. Tokareva 1 , J.A. Ibragimov 1 
1 National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russia
Accepted: 30.04.2020
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2020-17-3-135-144
The issues of placement and operation of snow dumps are extremely relevant for the regions of Russia with prolonged snow cover. During their development, negative anthropogenic factors are usually ignored. The paper provides an analysis of the impact of snow dumps on the environment as environmentally hazardous objects. According to the data of remote monitoring and ground-based inspection of the territories of snow dumps, an uncontrolled change in their areas in the city of Tomsk is shown. The degradation of the soil and vegetation caused by changes in the temperature and water regimes of the surface was revealed. Using data of the thermal channel of the TIRS camera of the Landsat-8, temperature profiles of the territories of snow dumps and background plots were constructed. The features of heating the surface of snow dumps are expressed in a centripetal increase in the values of vegetation indices and temperature, as well as in a more rapid increase in the temperature of their surface in the summer. A set of negative factors of the influence of snow dumps on nearby territories, including the runoff of large volumes of water during snow melting, soil erosion and flushing, gully formation, flooding and house flooding, uncontrolled pollution and littering soil and surface water is described.
Keywords: vegetation index, water index, degradation, remote sensing, monitoring, gullying, soil, vegetation, snow dump, temperature profile
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