ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2018, Vol. 15, No. 5, pp. 263-267

Some aspects of the 2018 fire season in Russia

E.A. Loupian 1 , I.V. Balashov 1 , S.А. Bartalev 1 , M.A. Burtsev 1 , K.S. Senko 1 , Yu.S. Krasheninnikova 1 
1 Space Research Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 06.11.2018
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2018-15-5-263-267
The paper presents the first estimates of forested areas burnt with wildfires in Russia in 2018. The estimates were obtained from MODIS (Terra and Aqua satellites) and VIIRS (Suomi NPP and JPSS1 satellites) data with the VEGA-Science ( system tools and features. It is highlighted that 2018 has the third largest burnt forested area in the 21 century. At the beginning of November this area amounted to approx. 10 million ha. Comparatively, during the same period of 2003 the total area amounted to 11.7 million ha, and for 2012 ― to approx. 12.6 million ha. Thus we may state that 2018 was one of the worst years in the context of wildfires. Also the paper briefly discusses the matter of possibility of grouping the years into various burning level classes for wildfire analysis. Grouping into three burning level classes ― “low”, “medium” and “anomalistic” is suggested. This grouping is shown to highlight some trends in fire hazard dynamics in Russia in the 21 century. E.g., the “low” burning level group has a distinct growth trend with linear approximation confidence of 0.85. It is shown that in the years 2017–2018 wildfires from the “low” burning group actually begin to change into the “medium” burning group.
Keywords: Earth observation satellites, information technologies, remote monitoring, forest resources, forest fires monitoring, forest burnt area in Russia
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