ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2018, Vol. 15, No. 5, pp. 203-214

Measurements of wind wave height using X-band navigation radar in the Taman Bay

V.A. Garbatsevith 1 , A.V. Ermoshkin 2 , A.G. Zatsepin 3 , I.I. Ivanov 4 , D.V. Ivonin 3 , S.B. Kuklev 3 , S.A. Myslenkov 5, 3 , V.A. Telegin 1, 3 
1 Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Propagation RAS, Troitsk, Russia
2 Institute of Applied Physics RAS, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia
3 P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology RAS, Moscow, Russia
4 Research Institute of Physics, Southern Federal University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia
5 M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 12.10.2018
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2018-15-5-203-214
Results of the work on remote monitoring of sea surface state in the Taman Bay using X-band incoherent navigation radar FURUNO 1715 in 2009–2011 are presented. The Taman Bay is characterized by a short wave fetch and typical wave heights less than 1 m, when radar spectral methods for restoring the wave height fail to work. Therefore, regarding the cases with wind blowing to the shore, the so-called radio-brightness method was applied and corresponding calibration transmission functions for the wave height retrieval were calculated. Comparison of the radar measurements of wave heights with the wave gauge data has showed their good agreement for the cases of wind blowing to the shore in the sector of angles from –60° to 80°. The correlation coefficient between the radar and in situ data is 0.85, the standard deviation is 0.14 m. Simulations of the wave heights in the Kerch Strait and the Taman Bay provided by the SWAN wind-wave model have confirm the validity and reasonability of applying the radio-brightness method for sensing wind wave height in the conditions of the Taman Bay, and bays with similar conditions.
Keywords: sea wind waves, remote sensing, navigation radar, X-band, SWAN
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