ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2018, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 69-79

Dynamics of Snow volcano eruption (Chirpoi Island, Kuriles) in 2012–2017: results of VIIRS Nightfire algorithm application

D.V. Melnikov 1 , M.N. Zhizhin 2, 3, 4 , G.M. Trifonov 5 , А.А. Poyda 5 
1 Institute of Volcanology and Seismology FEB RAS, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia
2 University of Colorado, Broomfield, USA
3 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, Boulder, USA
4 Space Research Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
5 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 21.12.2017
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2018-15-3-69-79
Here we present the results of the successful application of VIIRS satellite data for monitoring and reconstruction of the eruption history of Snow volcano (Chirpoi Island, Kuriles) in 2012–2017. We used Nightfire algorithm to accomplish our tasks. This algorithm differs significantly from the other similar systems due to simultaneous usage of numerous diapasons of the infrared spectra (from near to long ranges) together with the data of the visible spectra, while most of the other algorithms (for example, MODVOLC and MIROVA) use one or two diapasons from the middle or long parts of the infrared spectra. Our research shows that the maximal thermal radiation power (MW) was observed from November 2012 to January 2013. During this period, first and most voluminous portion of lava flow was produced. There are four more well-distinguished periods of this eruption: September – October 2013; March – June 2014; August – November 2014; April – June 2015. All of them correspond to the impulses of the fresh lava eruptions, although the thickness of these lava flows is smaller compared to the first period.
Keywords: VIIRS, Nightfire, volcano, eruption, lava flow, Snow, Chirpoi Island, Kuriles
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