ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2017, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 141-157

Modern approaches and capabilities of the Arctic monitoring system for maritime safety of the Northern Sea Route

N.P. Laverov 1 , V.V. Popovich 2 , L.A. Vedeshin 3 , V.E. Konovalov 4 
1 The Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and Geochemistry RAS, Moscow, Russia
2 SPIIRAS Hi Tech Research and Development Office Ltd., Saint Petersburg, Russia
3 Space Research Institute RAS, Moscow, Russia
4 Radio Engineering Service of the Russian Federation Navy, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Accepted: 05.06.2017
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2017-14-3-141-157
In this paper we consider theoretical aspects of the development of an efficient monitoring system in the Arctic. Positive results demonstrated by some oceanographic monitoring system segments, in the Arctic in particular, provided the basis for this work. Four subsystems are analyzed in this work: space, radar, hydro-acoustic and vessel automatic identification system. It is shown that only the integrated use of all monitoring subsystems provides efficient situation control and information support for decision making. We propose to create a special monitoring system intended for effective identification of vessel location and activity, automatic situation control and interpretation of dangerous situation analysis results. The proposed monitoring system will be able to control and monitor various objects in complex hydrometeorological and ice conditions and also ensure safe navigation along and around the Northern Sea Route.
Keywords: observation system, situation monitoring, Northern Sea Route, decision making support, remote sensing of the Earth, geographical information system, space system, radar system, hydroacoustic system
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