ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2017, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 173-181

Methodological and informational bases of water availability estimation of a territory by remote sensing and GIS means

E.A. Dunaeva 1 
1 Research Institute of Agriculture of Crimea, Simferopol, Russia
Accepted: 16.05.2017
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2017-14-3-173-181
The aim of the work is to develop and test the improved methodology of water availability estimation in the steppe part of the Crimean Peninsula. GIS and remote sensing data were used to obtain more accurate information on water resource potential of the region. The work is especially relevant due to the necessity to redirect the Crimean water complex to the local water resources, to establish and map the water resource potential of the territory. To achieve these objectives, Earth remote sensing data such as results of satellite image interpretation, monitoring materials of ecosystems development and water availability parameters – NDVI, NDDI, etc. – were used. With the use of open GIS software, these data enabled to identify thematic layers, define the basic elements of water balance of the territory and clarify the indicators of water resources availability of the steppe part of the Crimean Peninsula with subsequent graphic visualization. The created database of water availability criteria has more than 20 indicators with characteristics, calculation formulae, ranges of variation of parameters, advantages and limitations of use. The database can serve as the basis for a geodatabase and can be used as part of a decision support system for mitigating the effects of drought.
Keywords: GIS, remote sensing, SPI, AI, NDVI, NDDI, water availability, precipitation, evaporation, Crimea
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