ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2016, Vol. 13, No. 6, pp. 13-28

Indication of natural hazards using terrestrial gravity field variations observed by GRACE system

A.V. Kiselev 1 , V.I. Gornyy 1 , S.G. Kritsuk 1 , A.A. Tronin 1 
1 Saint Petersburg Scientific-Research Centre for Ecological Safety RAS, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Accepted: 15.11.2016
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2016-13-6-13-28
The paper discusses practical applications of terrestrial gravity field oscillations measured with the GRACE satellite system during a period of 13 years. The GRACE data are corrected for the impact of atmospheric water vapor content to remove a random atmospheric factor for which purpose AIRS (infrared atmospheric sounder of the AQUA satellite) data were used. A global map of the effective water layer thickness (EWLT) increment over the 13-year period was built. It was used to choose 12 regions for detailed study of the EWLT oscillations. Dramatic changes were found in the glacial cover of Antarctica, Greenland, and Arctic Archipelagos. The drought manifestations and their consequences within the basin of the Volga River and the Nearest East region are also discussed. It was shown on example of the anomalous water level rising of the Amur River in 2013 that the EWLT variations could be used for flood prognosis. Analysis of terrestrial gravity field oscillations led to a conclusion on the significance of the technogenic factor for the critical continuous declining of the Baikal Lake water level. We demonstrated that satellite observations of terrestrial gravity force oscillations provide a means to monitor regional hydrological regime and predict natural hazards.

Keywords: satellite, GRACE, gravity force, variations, terrestrial water storage changes, global tendency, cryosphere, drought, flooding, forecast, harvest, locust
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