ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2016, Vol. 13, No. 5, pp. 238-248

Interannual variability in cold-air outbreak characteristics over the Sea of Japan

M.K. Pichugin 1 , D.G. Chechin 2 
1 V.I. Il’ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute FEB RAS , Vladivostok, Russia
2 A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics RAS, Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 22.09.2016
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2016-13-5-238-248
Interannual variability of the cold-air outbreak (CAO) activity over the Sea of Japan (JS) is analyzed using satellite remote sensing and NCEP-CFSR high-resolution reanalysis data set for the period of 1979–2016. The criteria for quantitative definition of CAO are proposed. They are based on satellite microwave passive and active measurements of near sea surface vector wind and visible/infrared images of clouds for 16 cold seasons (Nov.–Mar.) in 2000–2016. Analysis of CAO characteristics reveals that duration (D) of 36% of the events is less than a 24-hour period (D < 1 day). A significant part of them is accompanied by a storm wind (≥ 20 m/s) at the stage of maximum development enhancing turbulent air-sea fluxes. A statistically significant correlations between interannual variations of the number of CAO events and of the ocean-atmosphere system parameters (near surface air temperature (Ta) and the total (latent + sensible) turbulent air-sea heat flux) were found. Over the continental part of the Far East, the Ta was found to have a strong inverse correlation of -0.86 with the number of CAOs in the area with the center coordinates 47.5°N, 135.5°E. Since Ta in the area varies with period near to 10 years, we hypothesize that CAO activity fluctuation over the Sea of Japan is close to decadal.
Keywords: cold-air outbreak, Sea of Japan, remote sensing, decadal variability, indication, interannual variability, air temperature, heat flux
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