ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2016, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 95-104

Calibration and validation as prerequisite components of satellite microwave radiometer measurements from Meteor-M No. 2 series satellites

L.M. Mitnik 1 , M.L. Mitnik 1 
1 V.I. Il'ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia

Accepted: 04.01.2016
DOI: 10.21046/2070-7401-2016-13-1-95-104

Features and organization of works are considered on internal and external calibration of multichannel microwave scanning radiometers SSM/I and SSMIS (USA) and AMSR - E and AMSR2 (Japan). Performances of MTVZA-GY radiometer are presented and the necessity of the use of foreign experience at its calibration is marked. The problems of external calibration from sensing data obtained over the cold and hot areas of the Earth are discussed. For these areas the brightness temperatures TB(ν) at radiometer frequencies ν should be computed with the use of the current program of microwave radiative transfer in the underlying surface - atmosphere system. As cold areas, the cloudless ocean regions at weak wind can be chosen, and as hot ones - are broadleaved Amazon rain-forests. Stability of radiometer operation on an orbit can be controlled by analysis of the TB(ν) time series acquired over extensive homogeneous spaces of the Antarctic plateau in the Dome C area. Information about the meteorological regime of this area, about a temperature and snow parameters and results of microwave measurements are given. For the receipt of valuable operative and scientific information from Meteor-M No. 2 MTVZA-GY data and subsequent satellites, planned to the launch in 2016-2021, the cycle of works on radiometer calibration must be performed, algorithms are worked out and products validation carried out, including ground truth measurements in different physico-geographical conditions.
Keywords: remote sensing, microwave radiometry, calibration, validation, Meteor-M No. 2, MTVZA-GY, algorithms, Dome C, test areas
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