ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2015, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 113-123

Comparison of satellite and radiosonde observations of troposphere humidity

A.V. Khokhlova1 , A.O. Agurenko1 
1 Russian Scientific Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information – World Data Center, Obninsk, Russia
Radiosonde and satellite observations of precipitated water amount in the 1000-300-hPa layer are compared. The observations were made in 2013. Data from 42 upper-air stations located at 20°–70°N and 80°W–75°E and Global Telecommunication System (GTS) satellite data obtained from NOAA satellites as CATEM reports are used. Upper-air and satellite data processing and accumulation are performed by FSBI “RIHMI-WDC”. The paper presents comparison results of hourly and mean monthly data. Monthly means of precipitated water amount at moderate latitudes are shown to be in good agreement, with summer satellite observations giving a slightly larger water content than radiosonde observations. Correlation coefficients of mean monthly satellite and radiosonde data are no less than 0,95 nearly everywhere, except for the subtropical region. At subtropical and tropical latitudes, radiosonde measurements, as compared to satellite observations, show a lower water content, particularly in summer, which is also confirmed by conclusions made in the research on a regular “dry bias” of radiosonde data. However, the analysis of climatic conditions, at least for individual stations, makes one believe that it is necessary to conduct further investigations on data comparison with additional information sources involved.
Keywords: troposhere, precipitated water, satellite measurements, radiosonde measurements, comparison
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