ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2014, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 329-337

Investigation of urban heat island phenomenon during the polar night with application of experimental measurements and remote sensing for Norilsk city

M.I. Varentsov1,2  , P.I. Konstantinov1  , T.E. Samsonov1  , I.A. Repina2 
1 M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
2 A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Moscow, Russia
This article is devoted to investigation of the urban heat island phenomenon of Norilsk city, which is on of the biggest polar cities, under the polar night conditions with usage of automatic weather stations, iButton compact temperature sensors and MODIS remote sensing data. It was found that during the polar night anthropogenic heat flux forms significant urban heat island in Norilsk with the intensity up 6-7 ⁰C in spite of the completely absence of solar light, which absorption and accumulation by urban surface is considered as important factor forming the urban heat island. Methods of researches, features of temperature distribution in Norilsk region according experimental measurements and remote sensing data, which shows the presence of the urban heat island, and also assessment of economic effect of this phenomenon are considered.
Keywords: urban heat island, urban climate, remote sensing, experimental measurements, house heating, energy saving, Arctic, Norilsk, iButton, MODIS
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