ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2014, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 56-75

Numerical simulation of risks of oil pollution in the Southeastern Baltic Sea and in the Gulf of Finland

A.G. Kostianoy1,2  , E.V. Bulycheva3 
1 P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology RAS, Moscow 117997, Russia
2 S.Yu. Witte Moscow University, Moscow 115432, Russia
3 Atlantic Branch of P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology RAS, Kaliningrad 236022, Russia
The paper presents the results of using the Seatrack Web numerical model of drift and transformation of oil spills elaborated by the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI). The assessment of risks of oil pollution in the Southeastern Baltic Sea around the oil platform D-6 and in the Gulf of Finland from the main navigation routes was made. Two examples of oil spills detected in the vicinity of D-6 were considered and their drift forecast was performed what allowed to identify the possible polluter. The areas of the probable contamination of the waters around the platform D-6, as well as the beaches of the Sambian Peninsula and the Curonian Spit are revealed. In September-November 2014, 61 numerical experiments with a uniform discharge of oil from the shipping route in the Gulf of Finland were performed. We identified areas of potential risk of oil pollution of coasts and islands in Finland and Russia, among them the Hogland Island (Russia) is most at risk. Model results showed no cases of potential oil pollution of the coasts and islands of Estonia. We show the results of the modeling of the drift and transformation of an oil spill detected by satellite on October 3, 2014 in the waters of Finland.
Keywords: Southeastern Baltic Sea, Gulf of Finland, oil pollution, oil spill drift forecast, numerical simulation, Seatrack Web model
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