ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2014, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 203-214

Remote estimation of damage from forest fires in the space monitoring system of emergency situations of Kazakhstan

O.P. Arkhipkin1 , G.N. Sagatdinova1 , Zh.A. Bralinova1 
1 National Center of Space Research and Technology, Almaty, Kazakhstan
This paper presents description of a methodology and GIS technology for potential damage estimation from fires by remote sensing data. The technology allows operational estimation of potential damage from forest and steppe fires, which can be refined by ground-based data. This estimation is based on data of space monitoring of fires, thematic GIS, regulations of official organizations for damage assessment from fires and cost parameters of the Tax Code and stock exchange data. Space monitoring data are used for determination of burned areas. Operational estimation of such areas is initially performed from MODIS data, it is then sought to be improved based on medium resolution data such as Landsat. If necessary, data of high resolution are used. Further, in fire-affected areas we define elementary classes of the underlying surface with homogeneous characteristics to base the estimation of material damage on. For this purpose, for each elementary class we define two specific characteristics: the value of production per unit area, and the cost of unit of production. When calculating material damage, a coefficient reflecting the damage rate of products located in the burnt areas is also taken into account. The technique for damage definition from forest fires, which is of particular interest for the emergency bodies, is presented in detail. There exists a well developed methodical and normative basis concerning forest fires.
Keywords: remote sensing, space monitoring, emergency situations, forest and steppe fires, fire centers, burned areas, taxation data, material damage, GIS-technology.
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