ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2014, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 180-192

On possibilities of arable lands quality evaluation in Baksan District of Kabardino-Balkaria based on satellite service VEGA

I.Yu. Savin1,2  , E.R. Tanov2 
1 V.V. Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute, Moscow, Russia
2 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia
The new approach for evaluating the quality of arable lands was developed based on the use of MODIS satellite data. The essence of the approach consists in expert analysis of the curves of vegetation index NDVI for the last 10- 12 years separately for different groups of crops and also the year-to-year variability of the seasonal maximum of NDVI, whose value is used as an indicator of the state of crops and crop yield on separate fields. By the nature of the vegetation index NDVI profiles, they all were expertly classified into groups characterizing winter, early spring and late spring crops. The developed approach for evaluating the quality of arable lands was approved on the example of the Baksan region of Kabardino-Balkaria. Analysis was carried out for all arable parcels of the region, whose masks were obtained by the visual deciphering of their boundaries based on Landsat satellite data. The NDVI time profiles were obtained with the use of the satellite service VEGA. On the basis of the developed method, all fields of the region were ranked by the quality of arable lands. Obtained data can be used in cadastre lands evaluation, and also for optimization of arrangement of basic agricultural crops in the republic. The developed approach can be used also for other regions and subjects of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: land quality evaluation, satellite service VEGA, Kabardino-Balkaria
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