ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2014, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 264-274

Meteorological effects of ionospheric disturbances over Irkutsk according to vertical radio sounding data

M.A. Chernigovskaya1 , E.N. Sutyrina1 , K.G. Ratovsky1 
1 Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics SB RAS, Irkutsk, Russia
This paper deals with ionospheric disturbances caused by the processes in bottom layers of the lower and middle atmosphere (i.e., the so-called meteorological effects in the ionosphere). The ionospheric data were obtained from continuous measurements made at the vertical sounding ionosonde DPS-4 in Irkutsk in 2008-2010. The ionospheric disturbances referred to deviations of the maximum electron density NmF2 from the median values. We also used data from the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis project and the MLS Aura data on atmospheric temperature at heights of the stratosphere and upper mesosphere, obtained in 2008-2010. The analysis allowed us to reveal periods of large-scale wave motions in the stratosphere at a height of 10 mbar, mainly during cold seasons. These wave motions were associated with the jet streams at heights of the stratosphere, localized mainly at latitudes of 50-80 N. The waves propagated westward, generally in latitudinal direction; however, sometimes meridional direction of the wave propagation was observed. The large-scale wave motions in the stratosphere were compared with ionospheric disturbances over Irkutsk. The amplitude and occurrence time of ionospheric disturbances correlated well with velocity and energy characteristics of stratospheric jet streams.
Keywords: the lower and upper atmosphere, interaction between atmospheric layers, wave disturbances
Full text


  1. Kunitsyn V.E., Suraev S.N., Akhmedov R.R., Modelirovanie rasprostraneniya akustiko-gravitatsionnykh voln v atmosfere dlya razlichnykh poverkhnostnykh istochnikov (Modeling of acoustic-gravity waves in the atmosphere for various surface sources), Vestnik Mosk. un-ta. Seriya 3. Fizika. Astronomiya, 2007, No. 2, pp. 59-63.
  2. Onishchenko O.G., Otklik ionosfery na moshchnye tropicheskie vikhri (The response of the ionosphere to powerful tropical vortices), Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2010, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 107-109.
  3. Chernigovskaya M.A., Kurkin V.I., Orlov I.I., Oinats A.V., Poddelsky I.N., Statisticheskii analiz effektov tropicheskikh tsiklonov v variatsiyakh parametrov ionosfery v aziatskom regione Rossii po dannym naklonnogo radiozondirovaniya (Statistical analysis of effects of tropical cyclones on variations of ionospheric parameters in the Asian region of Russia according to oblique radio-sounding data), Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2012, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 208-217.
  4. Chernigovskaya M.A., Sutyrina E.N., Ratovsky K.G., Morfologicheskii analiz ionosfernoi vozmushchennosti nad Irkutskom v periody sil'nykh meteorologicheskikh vozmushchenii po dannym vertikal'nogo radiozondirovaniya (Morphological analysis of ionospheric disturbances over Irkutsk during the most powerful meteorological disturbances, according to vertical radio sounding data), Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2013, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 142-152.
  5. Bertin F., Testud J., Kersley L., Rees P.R., The meteorological jet stream as a source of medium scale gravity waves in the thermosphere – An experimental study, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 1978, Vol. 40, pp. 1161-1183.
  6. Bishop R.L., Aponte N., Earle G.D., Sulzer M., Larsen M.F., Peng G.S., Arecibo observations of ionospheric perturbations associated with the passage of Tropical Storm Odette, J. Geophys. Res., 2006, Vol. 111, No. A1, p. A11320. doi:10.1029/2006JA011668.
  7. Buonsanto M.J., Ionospheric storms – a review, Space Science Rev., 1999, Vol. 88, pp. 563-601.
  8. Fritts D.C., Alexander M.J., Gravity wave dynamics and effects in the middle atmosphere, Rev. Geophys., 2003, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 1003-1066, doi: 10.1029/2001RG000106.
  9. Hocke K., Schlegel K., A review of atmospheric gravity waves and travelling ionospheric disturbances: 1982-1995, Ann. Geophys., 1996, Vol. 14, pp. 917-940.
  10. Kazimirovsky E.S., Herraiz M., De la Morena B.A., Effects on the ionosphere due to phenomena occurring below it, Survey in Geophys., 2003, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 139-184.
  11. Labitzke K., van Loon H., The Stratosphere: Phenomena, History, and Relevance. Berlin: Springer, 1999, 179 p.
  12. Lastovicka J., Forcing of the ionosphere by waves from below, J. Atmos. and Solar-Terr. Phys., 2006, Vol. 68, pp. 479-497.
  13. Martinis C.R., Manzano J.R., The influence of active meteorological systems on the ionospheric F-region, Annals of Geophysics, 1999, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 1-7.
  14. Mao T, Wang J.S., Yang G.L., Yu T., Ping J., Suo Y., Effects of typhoon Matsa on ionospheric TEC, Chinese Sci. Bull., 2010, Vol. 55, No. 8, pp. 712-717.
  15. Plougonven R., Snyder C., Inertia-gravity waves spontaneously generated by jets and fronts. Part I: Different baroclinic life cycles, J. Atmos. Sci., 2007, Vol. 64, pp. 2502-2520.
  16. Polyakova A.S., Perevalova N.P., Investigation into impact of tropical cyclones on the ionosphere using GPS sounding and NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis data, Adv. in Space Res., 2011, Vol. 48, pp. 1196-1210.
  17. Prasad S.S., Schneck L.J., Davies K., Ionospheric disturbances by severe tropospheric weather storms, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 1975, Vol. 37, pp. 1357-1363.
  18. Rishbeth H., F-regon links with the low atmosphere?, J. Atmos. and Sola-Terr. Phys., 2006, Vol. 68, pp. 469-478.
  19. Šauli P., Boška J., Tropospheric events and possible related gravity wave activity effects on the ionosphere, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 2001, Vol. 63, pp. 945-950.
  20. Šindelářová T., Burešová D., Chum J., Hruška F., Doppler observations of infrasonic waves of meteorological origin at ionospheric heights, Adv. Space Res., 2009, Vol. 43, pp. 1644-1651.
  21. Thomas L., Worthington R.M., McDonald A.J., Inertia-gravity waves in the troposphere and lower stratosphere associated with a jet stream exit region, Ann. Geophys., 1999, Vol. 17, pp. 115-121.
  22. Vadas S.L., Horizontal and vertical propagation of gravity waves in thermosphere from lower atmospheric and thermospheric sources, J. Geophys. Res., 2007, Vol. 112, pp. A06305.
  23. Vincent R.A., Gravity wave coupling from below: A review, Climate and Weather of the Sun-Earth System (CAWSES): Selected Papers from the 2007 Kyoto Symposium. Tokyo: TERRAPUB, 2009, pp. 279–293.