ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2014, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 135-147

Detection and recognition of various water types in Black Sea coastal zone and in lakes of Crimea based on hyperspectral data analysis

O.Yu. Lavrova1 , M.I. Mityagina1 , I.A. Uvarov1 
1 Space Research Institute, Moscow, Russia
Characteristics of hyperspectral instruments are compared to those of multispectral sensors and discussed from the point of view of their use for studying the processes and phenomena in the oceans and seas. It is shown that satellite hyperspectral data become an effective tool for world ocean research. Assessment of informative value of different spectral bands and their combinations for determination of hydrooptical properties of moderately turbid and productive waters of coastal zones of seas and inland water bodies was performed. The feasibility assessment of hyperspectral data for recognition of intensive algal blooms areas was made. The hyperspectral data were proved also to have high level of information content in view of detection and discrimination of different types of anthropogenic and biogenic pollution in coastal zones. Processing and joint analysis of various satellite data were performed on the basis of the “See the Sea” geoportal developed in IKI RAS. Examples of efficient use of satellite hyperspectral data for recognition of anthropogenic pollution in different areas of the Sivash Sea and for retrieval of a detailed picture of suspended matter distribution in the shelf break area of the northeastern Black Sea are presented and discussed.
Keywords: satellite remote sensing, hyperspectral sensors, optical sensors, coastal zones, anthropogenic pollution,biogenic pollution, geoportal
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