ISSN 2070-7401 (Print), ISSN 2411-0280 (Online)
Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa


Sovremennye problemy distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2012, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 156-163

Use of signals of global navigational systems GPS/GLONASS for monitoring of the seismo-ionospheric effects

I.E. Zakharenkova , Iu.V. Cherniak , I.I. Shagimuratov 
West Department of IZMIRAN, 236010, Kaliningrad, Av. Pobeda, 41
In the given paper there are presented results of analysis of the total electron content (GPS TEC) variations prior to the Japanese earthquake which took place on November 28, 2004. It was revealed the occurrence of the specific seismoionospheric anomaly in the form of local TEC enhancement. The increase of electron concentration reached the value of 40-50% relative to the quiet geomagnetic conditions. For detailed analysis it was considered GPS TEC data obtained for GPS stations located at different distances from the epicenter position, as well as the data of ground-based vertical sounding station.
Keywords: seismoionospheric effects, GPS, GLONASS, total electron content
Full text


  1. Gokhberg M.B., Kustov A.V., Liperovskii V.A., Liperovskaya R.Kh., Kharin E.P., Shalimov S.L., Izvestiya AN SSSR. Fizika Zemli, 1988, No. 4, pp. 12–20.
  2. Kratkosrochnyi prognoz katastroficheskikh zemletryasenii s pomoshch'yu radiofizicheskikh nazemno-kosmicheskikh metodov (Short-term forecast of catastrophic earthquakes using radiophysical land-space methods), Moscow: OIFZ RAN, 1999, 176 p.
  3. Liperovskii V.A., Pokhotelov O.A., Shalimov S.A., Ionosfernye predvestniki zemletryasenii (Ionospheric precursors of earthquakes), Moscow: Nauka, 1992, 304 p.
  4. Namgaladze A.A., Klimenko M.V., Klimenko V.V., Zakharenkova I.E., Geomagnetizm i aeronomiya, 2009, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 267–277.
  5. Atmospheric and Ionospheric Electromagnetic Phenomena Associated with Earthquakes, Tokyo: Terra Scientific Publishing Company, 1999, 996 p.
  6. Baran L.W., Shagimuratov I.I., Tepenitsina N.J., The use of GPS for ionospheric studies, Artificial Satellites, 1997, Vol. 32(1), pp. 49–60.
  7. Davies E., Baker D.M., Ionospheric effects observed around the time of the Alaskan earthquake of March 28, 1964, Journal of Geophysical Research, 1965, Vol. 70, No. 9, pp. 2251–2253.
  8. Gaivoronskaya T.V., Zelenova T.I., The effect of seismic activity on F2-layer critical frequencies, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 1991, Vol. 53, No. 6/7, pp. 649–652.
  9. Hernández-Pajares M., Juan J.M., Orus R., Garcia-Rigo A., Feltens J., Komjathy A., Schaer S.C., Krankowski A., The IGS VTEC maps: a reliable source of ionospheric information since 1998, Special IGS Iss. J. Geodesy, 2009, Vol. 83(3–4), pp. 263–275, doi:10.1007/s00190-008-0266-1.
  10. Krankowski A., Baran L.W., Shagimuratov I.I., Modeling and forecasting of TEC obtained with IGS Network over Europe, Proc. Workshop and Simposium 10 years IGS, 1-5 March 2004, Berne, Switzerland.
  11. Leonard R.S., Barnes R.A., Observations of ionospheric disturbances following the Alaska earthquake, Journal of Geophysical Research, 1965, Vol. 70, pp. 1250–1253.
  12. Liu J.Y., Chuo Y.J., Shan S.J., Tsai Y.B., Pulinets S.A., Yu S.B., Pre-earthquake ionospheric anomalies monitored by GPS TEC, Annales de Geophysique, 2004, Vol. 22, pp. 1585–1593.
  13. Pulinets S.A., Boyarchuk K., Ionospheric Precursors of Earthquakes, Berlin: Springer, 2004, 315 p.
  14. Pulinets S.A., Legen’ka A.D., Gaivoronskaya T.V., Depuev V.Kh., Main phenomenological features of ionospheric precursors of strong earthquakes, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 2003, Vol. 65, pp. 1337–1347.
  15. Rapoport Y., Grimalsky V., Hayakawa M., Ivchenko V., Juarez R.-D., Koshevaya S., Gotynyan O., Change of ionospheric plasma parameters under the influence of electric field which has lithospheric origin and due to radon emanation, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 2004, Vol. 29, pp. 579–587.
  16. Zakharenkova I.E., Shagimuratov I.I., Krankowski A., Lagovsky A.F., Precursory phenomena observed in the total electron content measurements before great Hokkaido earthquake of September 25, 2003 (M = 8.3), Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, 2007, Vol. 51(2), pp. 267–278.
  17. Zakharenkova I.E., Shagimuratov I.I., Tepenitzina N.Yu., Krankowski A., Anomalous modification of the ionospheric total electron content prior to the 26 September 2005 Peru earthquake, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 2008, Vol. 70, pp. 1919–1928.